- Pope from 1277-1280. He negotiated with Michael VIII about how to implement the church union achieved on paper at the Council of Lyons in 1274 (q.v.). At the same time, Nicholas refused to approve of Charles I's plans to attack Byzantium (q.v.), secretly supporting Michael VIII's alliance with Peter III of Aragon (q.v.) against Charles I of Anjou (q.v.). Nicholas III's death was a blow to Michael VIII, for the new pope, Martin IV (q.v.), proved more cooperative in promoting Charles I's plans to destroy Byzantium.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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